One of the occupational risks to take into consideration is the electrical risk, which refers to the possibility of human body contact with an electric current that may result in a danger to physical safety.
Factors that determine the gravity
- Intensity of electrical current: 8 mA+ (milliamperes) may cause repetitive muscle contractions (tetanisation) in hands and arms. Ventricular fibrillation may be produced between 30 and 50 mA if the current passes through the cardiac region.
- Type of current: The current is either alternating or direct. If it is direct, there is not much danger, but other factors may contribute to the gravity.
- The path of the electric current: Gravity depends on the path of the electric current through the body: from one hand to the other, from the hand to the foot (without going through the heart), from the hand to the foot (going through the heart), from the hand to the head and from the head to the feet.
- Time of exposure to the current: The longer the exposure, the greater the chance of causing serious damage.
- Resistance to current and contact voltage: The gravity of the accident also depends on whether there is resistance to the electric current because the lower the resistance, the greater the intensity.
Enel Peru uses its best effort to enforce the Internal Health and Safety at Work Regulations.